Baroque September

I have no formal education in music, just a keen interest. Anything I know about classical music I have gleaned myself over time. 

The Baroque era was an early part of that self-lead discovery. Many works of classical music that I encountered early in my adulthood came out of the Late Baroque period.

The Baroque was both a long and significant era in western music.

It’s broken into three parts, conveniently named early (1550–99), middle (1600–49), and late (1650–99), with 50 transitional years on either end to stretch the entire era to 250 yearsModern composition styles that many would most easily identify as classical music, like the concerto, sonata, and symphony, originate in this period. Given the length and influence, I feel like the Baroque deserves it’s own blog series, separate from other classical music.

Below are some September born Baroque era composers whose works I’ve come across.

Early era:

Girolamo Frescobaldi (Sept 13, 1583) was a very important composer of the late Renaissance and early Baroque periods.

Portrait of Henry Purcell by John Closterman

Late era:

Johann Pachelbel (Sept 1, 1653) was one of the most important composers of the Baroque era and is still widely remembered for his Canon in D because it plays in every restaurant at some point. Find an hour of his best here.

Pietro Locatelli (Sept 3, 1695) was a Baroque composer also considered a violin virtuoso.

Carl Heinrich Biber (Sept 4, 1681) was a composer in the late Baroque/Roccoco style.

Henry Purcell (Sept 10, 1659) was an English composer of Baroque music.

Giuseppe Matteo Alberti (Sept 20, 1685) was a Baroque composer and violinist.

Jean-Philippe Rameau (Sept 25, 1683) was a Baroque composer. He is well remembered for his operas.

 

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Women classical composers – the August edition

As is the case with all too many things historical, the talent of women composers is underrepresented in the genre of classical music. In spite of the odds being against them women wrote, and continue to write, exceptional classical music that can be enjoyed today. They deserve more exposure, so it feels like a good idea to do my bit to mitigate our cultural musical myopia.

Below are two female classical composers whose works I have encountered, with links to music samples for each of them.

Portrait by Bernardo Strozzi, believed to be of Barbara Strozzi

Barbara Strozzi was an Italian Baroque composer. (died 1977)

She was lucky for her time, as her encouraged her musical ambition. She wrote for voice.

Find info on her compositions here

 

Betsy Jolas is a modern French composer. (born 1926)

 

Sally Beamish is a modern British composer of chamber, vocal, choral and orchestral music as well as works for

musical theatre, film and television.  (born 1956)

 

Rebecca Clarke was an English composer. (died 1979)

Her work did not receive the recognition then that it does today and was largely forgotten until the 1970s.

Find info on her here

 

Cécile Chaminade

Cécile Chaminade was a French composer. (died 1944)

She learned piano early in her childhood but her father disapproved of her musical education so she had to continue her studies privately. Her own compositions were very popular in her day.

Find more info on her at AllMusic and on Wikipedia.  

 

Marion Bauer was an American composer. (died 1955)

Marion Bauer

She wrote at least 160 compositions. 

 

Tera de Marez Oyens was a Dutch composer who wrote over 200 works of music. (died 1996)

 

Alma Mahler

Alma Mahler was an Austrian-American composer. Seventeen songs by her survive. (died 1964)

Classical composers – the August edition

I have broad, perhaps somewhat eclectic taste in music. This is by accident rather than design. Most of the genres outside what gets airplay on popular radio I have luckily stumbled upon while on other paths. Our culture doesn’t really expose young people en masse to much more than current popular music, and that’s a shame. I feel like it’s a good idea to do my bit to mitigate our cultural musical myopia.

Below are links to 31 works of classical music by composers you’ll find on my iPod, and two links to works by composers most of us would know – all artists born in August, whose works I have enjoyed.

Samuel Coleridge-Taylor

Claude Debussy

Samuel Coleridge-Taylor     

 

  1. Hans Rott     
  2. Arthur Bliss   
  3. Karl Amadeus Hartmann     
  4. Anthony Payne     
  5. Henri Berger      
  6. William Schuman      
  7. Friedrich August Kummer      
  8. James Scott Skinner   
  9. Oskar Merikanto   
  10. Ernesto Lecuona     
  11. Adolf Busch   
  12. Jacques Hétu    

    Salomon Jadassohn
  13. Reynaldo Hahn    
  14. Albert Ketèlbey    
  15.  Alexander Glazunov    
  16. Heinrich Ignaz Franz Biber     
  17. Salomon Jadassohn
  18.  John Ireland    
  19. Leopold Hofmann     
  20. Jan Koetsier     
  21. Jacques Ibert    
  22. Francesco Canova da Milano      
  23. Ernest MacMillan     
  24. Herman Berlinski     

    George Enescu
  25. George Enescu     
  26. Moritz Moszkowski     
  27. Ernst Krenek     
  28. Constant Lambert    
  29. Stefan Wolpe    
  30. David Maslanka    
  31. Jean-Paul-Égide Martini    

Classical composers – the July edition

I have broad, perhaps somewhat eclectic taste in music. This is by accident rather than design. Most of the genres outside what gets airplay on popular radio I have luckily stumbled upon while on other paths. Our culture doesn’t really expose young people en masse to much more than current popular music, and that’s a shame. I feel like it’s a good idea to do my bit to mitigate our cultural musical myopia.

Below are links to 31 works of classical music by composers you’ll find on my iPod, and one link to works by a composer most of us would know – all artists born in June, whose works I have enjoyed.

Gustav Mahler

 

Gustav Mahler 

 

 

  1. László Lajtha 
  2. Hans Werner Henze 
  3. Leoš Janáček  
  4. Hans Werner Henze

    Stephan Krehl  

  5. Jan Kubelík 
  6. Émile Jaques-Dalcroze 
  7. Toivo Kuula  
  8. Percy Grainger 
  9. Ottorino Respighi  
  10. David Diamond  
  11. Leonard Pennario 
  12. Henryk Wieniawski 
  13. Anton Arensky  
  14. Anton Arensky

    Gerald Finzi  

  15. Eugène Ysaÿe  
  16. Niccolò Castiglioni 
  17. Giovanni Bononcini  
  18. Vilém Tauský  
  19. Franz Berwald 
  20. Francesco Cilea  
  21. Edward Gregson  
  22. Alfredo Casella  
  23. John Field 
  24. Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart 
  25. Serge Koussevitzky

    Jāzeps Vītols 

  26. Serge Koussevitzky  
  27. Ernő Dohnányi 
  28. Otar Taktakishvili 
  29. Kimmo Hakola 
  30. Rued Langgaard 
  31. Ignacio Cervantes 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Classical composers – the June edition

I have broad, perhaps somewhat eclectic taste in music. This is by accident rather than design. Most of the genres outside what gets airplay on popular radio I have luckily stumbled upon while on other paths. Our culture doesn’t really expose young people en masse to much more than current popular music, and that’s a shame. I feel like it’s a good idea to do my bit to mitigate our cultural musical myopia.

Below are links to 30 works of classical music by composers you’ll find on my iPod, and links to works by composers most of us would know – all artists born in June whose works I have enjoyed.

 

Igor Stravinsky

Robert Schumann 

Igor Stravinsky 

Richard Strauss 

 

 

 

  1. Edward Elgar
  2. Mikhail Glinka
  3. Peter Machajdík
  4. Felix Weingartner

    Ignaz Fränzl 
  5. Ignaz Fränzl
  6. Aram Khachaturian
  7. Vincent Persichetti 
  8. Leopold Auer
  9. Erwin Schulhoff 
  10. Albéric Magnard 
  11. Carl Nielsen 
  12. Ingolf Dahl 
  13. Heinrich von Herzogenberg 
  14. Tikhon Khrennikov 
  15. Antonín Vranický

    Ignaz Pleyel
  16. Georg Joseph Vogler
  17. Franz Danzi
  18. Charles Gounod
  19. Johann Stamitz
  20. Ignaz Pleyel
  21. Manuel Rosenthal
  22. Eduard Tubin
  23. Joseph Martin Kraus 
  24. Johann Christoph Friedrich Bach
  25. Pavel Haas

    Hugo Distler
  26. Carl Reinecke
  27. Hugo Distler 
  28. Joseph Joachim
  29. Leroy Anderson
  30. José Pablo Moncayo

 

 

 

 

Classical composers – the April edition

I have broad, perhaps somewhat eclectic taste in music. This is by accident rather than design. Most of the genres outside what gets airplay on popular radio I have luckily stumbled upon while on other paths. Our culture doesn’t really expose young people en masse to much more than current popular music, and that’s a shame. I feel like it’s a good idea to do my bit to mitigate our cultural musical myopia.

Below are links to 31 works of classical music composed by artists born in April whose works I have enjoyed plus a link to composer Sergei Rachmaninoff, who I think most of us should recognize.

Photo of Sergei Rachmaninoff by Kubey Rembrandt – US Library of Congress

Sergei Rachmaninoff 

  1. Pieter Hellendaal 
  2. Ferruccio Busoni 
  3. Anis Fuleihan  
  4. Grigoraș Dinicu  
  5. Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco  
  6. Mario Lavista  
  7. Eugène Bozza 
  8. Louis Spohr  
  9. Robert Volkmann  
  10. Robert Casadesus 
  11. Jan Novák 
  12. Theobald Böhm (or Boehm)  
  13. Aulis Sallinen 
  14. Photo of Ferruccio Busoni by Varischi & Artico

    Eugen d’Albert  

  15. Jacques Castérède  
  16. Joseph Lanner 
  17. Leó Weiner 
  18. Jean-Baptiste Accolay 
  19. Artur Schnabel 
  20. Jacques Widerkehr   
  21. (Johann) Karl von Ordoniz 
  22. Alexandre Pierre François Boëly 
  23. Antonín Kammel  
  24. Randall Thompson 
  25. Joachim Andersen

    Alessandro Rolla 

  26. Sergei Prokofiev 
  27. Nicolas Slonimsky 
  28. Ludvig Schytte 
  29. Joachim Andersen 
  30. Harold Shapero 
  31. Peter Sculthorpe 

Classical composers – the February edition

I have broad, perhaps somewhat eclectic taste in music. This is by accident rather than design. Most of the genres outside what gets airplay on popular radio I have stumbled upon while on other paths. Our culture doesn’t really expose young people en masse to much more than current popular music. And that’s a shame. So it feels like a good idea to do my bit to mitigate our cultural musical myopia.

Below are links to 28 works of classical music composed by artists born in February whose works I have enjoyed – one for each day of the month.

 

Portrait of Felix Mendelssohn by the English miniaturist James Warren Childe
Portrait of Felix Mendelssohn by James Warren Childe

Emil Hartmann (Feb 1, 1836)  

Felix Mendelssohn (Feb 3, 1809)

Johann Georg Albrechtsberger (Feb 3, 1736)  

Émile Prudent (Feb 3, 1817)   

Ole Bornemann Bull (Feb 5, 1810)  

Wilhelm Stenhammar (Feb 7, 1871)  

Joseph Leopold Eybler (Feb 8, 1765)  

Henri-Joseph Rigel (Feb 9, 1741)    

Alban Berg (Feb 9, 1885)    

Hans Bronsart von Schellendorf (Feb 11, 1830)   

Jan Ladislav Dussek (Feb 12, 1760)    

French violinist Pierre Rode
French violinist Pierre Rode

Roy Harris (Feb 12, 1898)   

Leopold Godowsky (Feb 13, 1870)  

Robert Fuchs (Feb 15, 1847)   

Joseph Willcox Jenkins (Feb 15, 1928)    

Pierre Rode (Feb 16, 1774) 

John Corigliano (Feb 16, 1938)  

Henri Vieuxtemps (Feb 17, 1820)   

Leevi Madetoja (Feb 17, 1887)    

Johann Christian Kittel (Feb 18, 1732)     

Pencil drawing of Luigi Boccherini by Etienne Mazas
Pencil drawing of Luigi Boccherini by Etienne Mazas

André Mathieu (Feb 18, 1929)    

Luigi Boccherini (Feb 19, 1743)   

Charles Auguste de Bériot (Feb 20, 1802)  

Carl Czerny (Feb 21, 1791)   

Frank Bridge (Feb 26, 1879)   

Hubert Parry (Feb 27, 1848)   

Wilhelm Peterson-Berger (Feb 27, 1867)     

Artur Kapp (Feb 28, 1878)   

 

Classical composers – the January edition

I have broad, perhaps somewhat eclectic taste in music. Most of the genres outside what gets airplay on popular radio I stumbled upon by accident. Our culture doesn’t really expose young people en masse to much more than current popular music. And that’s a shame. So it feels like a good idea to do my bit to mitigate our cultural musical myopia.

Below are 31 works of classical music composed by artists born in January whose works I have enjoyed – one for each day of the month – and master works by two very famous composers born in January, Mozart and Schubert.

 

MOzart: Posthumous painting by Barbara Krafft in 1819
Mozart: Posthumous painting by Barbara Krafft in 1819

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (Jan 27, 1756)

Mozart was an important composer in the Classical era who remains influetial today. He showed great ability from childhood, and composed from the age of five.

Oil painting of Franz Schubert by Wilhelm August Rieder.
Oil painting of Franz Schubert by Wilhelm August Rieder.

Franz Schubert (Jan 1, 1797)

Schubert was one the greatest composers in the late Classical and early Romantic eras. He died at 31, but was prolific in his lifetime.

 

 

 

 

František Brixi (Jan 2, 1732 )

Portrait of Henri Herz in 1832.
Portrait of Henri Herz in 1832.

Ernst Mahle (Jan 3, 1929)

Josef Suk (Jan 4, 1874) married Dvořák’s daughter.

José de Nebra (Jan 6, 1702)

Xaver Scharwenka
Xaver Scharwenka

Henri Herz (Jan 6, 1803)

Max Bruch (Jan 6, 1838)

Xaver Scharwenka (Jan 6, 1850)

Giuseppe Martucci (Jan 6, 1856)

Giuseppe Martucci
Giuseppe Martucci

Vittorio Monti (Jan 6, 1868)

Alexander Scriabin (Jan 6, 1872)

Alexander Nikolayevich Scriabin
Alexander Scriabin

Jaromír Weinberger (Jan 8, 1896)

John Knowles Paine (Jan 9, 1839)

Christian Sinding (Jan 11, 1856)

Vasily Kalinnikov (Jan 13, 1866)

Henri Büsser (Jan 16, 1872)

Christian Sinding
Christian Sinding

Johann Gottfried Müthel (Jan 17, 1728)

Henri Büsser, 1895, Bibliothèque nationale de France.
Henri Büsser, 1895, Bibliothèque nationale de France.

Ede Reményi (Jan 17, 1828 – year disputed)

Alexander Taneyev (Jan 17, 1850)

Wilhelm Kienzl (Jan 17, 1857)

César Cui (Jan 18, 1835)

Ferdinand Laub (Jan 19, 1832)

Friedrich Dotzauer (Jan 20, 1783)

Muzio Clementi
Muzio Clementi

Alexander Tcherepnin (Jan 21, 1899)

Muzio Clementi (Jan 23, 1752)

Juventino Rosas 1894
Juventino Rosas 1894

Norman Dello Joio (Jan 24, 1913)

Juventino Rosas (Jan 25, 1868)

Édouard Lalo (Jan 27, 1823)

Daniel Auber (Jan 29, 1782)

F. Delius, aged 45, photographed in 1907
F. Delius, aged 45, photographed in 1907

Frederick Delius (Jan 29, 1862 )

Charles Martin Loeffler (Jan 30, 1861)

François Devienne (Jan 31, 1759)

 

 

 

Women classical composers – the December edition

Like most things historical, women are underrepresented in the genre of classical music. In spite of the odds being against them, a few women wrote some exceptional classical music that survives to the present day. They deserve more exposure. So it feels like a good idea to do my bit to mitigate our cultural musical myopia.

Below are 4 female classical composers whose works I have on my iPod right now, with links to songs for each of them.

Augusta Holmès
Augusta Holmès

Augusta Holmès (Dec 18, 1847)

Like many women throughout history, she began her career by pretending to be a man. Her family was opposed to her pursuing music so she published under the pseudonym Hermann Zenta.

“Irlande” poème symphonique (1882)

En Chemin

 

 

Maddalena Sirmen
Maddalena Sirmen

Maddalena Sirmen (Dec 9, 1745)

Unusual for a women of her time, she continued to perform and retained control of her own finaces through her married life.

Violin Concerto No. 3 in A major, Op. 3 No. 3

Violin Concerto No.2 in E-major

 

 

Mathilde Kralik
Mathilde Kralik

Mathilde Kralik (Dec 3, 1857)

Her talent was recognised and supported by her family.

Sonate für Klavier und Violine

Praeludium, Passacaglia and Fugato

 

 

Maria Szymanowska
Maria Szymanowska

 

Maria Szymanowska (Dec 14, 1789)

Szymanowska was a virtuoso pianists of the 19th century. She was well known in artistic circles of her day, and German poet Johann Wolfgang von Goethe may have been in love with her.

Nocturne in B flat major

Etude No.9

Women classical composers – the November edition

Like most things historical, women are underrepresented in the genre of classical music. In spite of the odds being against them, a few women wrote some exceptional classical music that survives to the present day. They deserve more exposure. So it feels like a good idea to do my bit to mitigate our cultural musical myopia.

Below is a female classical composer I have on my iPod right now, with song links for three songs.

 

Fanny Mendelssohn https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fanny_Mendelssohn#/media/File:Fanny_Hensel_1842.jpg
Fanny Mendelssohn (source)

Fanny Mendelssohn (Nov 14, 1805) was a pianist and composed of over 450 pieces of music.

She is part of an accomplished family; sister of composer Felix Mendelssohn, granddaughter of philosopher Moses Mendelssohn. married to painter Wilhelm Hensel, and grandmother of philosopher Paul Hensel and mathematician Kurt Hensel.

Piano Sonata G minor – Allegro molto agitato

Notturno in G minor

Das Jahr